Reasons for “Hard Drive Not Found” error and ways to resolve it

What causes "Hard Drive Not Found" error? What are the ways to resolve this error?

A hard drive is one of the most important secondary storage devices on a computer. A hard drive is usually divided into two partitions, one primary partition and two extended partitions. All the Operating System-related files are saved to the primary partition and the extended partition is divided into various logical drives and user data is saved in those drives. As soon as you turn on the computer a, Power On Self Test (POST) is performed to check if all critical hardware components are working. After POST, the computer checks for the hard drive as per the boot priority to load the operating system, and if the hard drive is not found, you get an error message “Hard Drive Not Found" and the computer does not proceed with boot up process.

Here are some ways or methods to fix "Hard Drive Not Found" error:

  • Check hard drive cable

  • Check BIOS set-up

  • Replace the hard drive

Check hard drive cable

A power cable from Swtiched Mode Power Supply (SMPS) is connected to the hard drive to supply power and a SATA or IDE data cable is connected to the hard drive to transfer data. A hard drive is fixed inside the computer tower or cabinet, and you need to open the side cover of your computer tower or cabinet and check if hard disc connections are connected correctly. IDE hard drives have a jumper setting to determine master and slave settings. An IDE cable will have three connectors, one end goes to the IDE port in the motherboard and first of the second end is connected to hard drive 1 (also known as master) and second is connected to a second hard drive or CD drive. If the jumper settings are set to be master and if the hard drive is connected to slave port, the hard disc will not be detected. So, make sure that the jumper settings are correct in the case of an IDE hard drive.

Check BIOS set-up

You can enable or disable most onboard ports and hardware components on BIOS. Hard drives are usually connected to onboard a SATA or IDE port, and if the port that the hard drive is connected is disabled, hard drive will not be detected by the computer and you will get a message "Hard Drives Not Found”. So, make sure that the BIOs settings are altered as required.

Replace the cables or hard drive

If hard drive is not detected even after performing all the above mentioned steps, try to replace the data cable and power connection to check if the cables are faulty. If cables are not faulty then you have to replace the hard drive with a new one and re-install the operating system. Before installing a new hard drive make sure that it is compatible with your computer.

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